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February 22, 2016

ガートナー社2016、ビジネスインテリジェンス(BI)評価!

Gartner-BI 2016:2/4
・Gartner:
・http://www.gartner.com/technology/home.jsp
・https://www.gartner.com/doc/reprints?id=1-2XXET8P&ct=160204&st=sb

Infrastructure:
・1.BI Platform Administration、2.Cloud BI、3.Security and User Administration、4.Data Source Connectivity

Data Management:
・5.Governance and Metadata Management、6.Self-Contained Extraction, 7.Transformation and Loading (ETL) and Data Storage、7.Self-Service Data Preparation

Analysis and Content Creation:
・8.Embedded Advanced Analytics、9.Analytic Dashboards、10.Interactive Visual Exploration、11.Mobile Exploration and Authoring

Sharing of Findings:
・12.Embedding Analytic Content、13.Publishing Analytic Content、14.Collaboration and Social BI

Leaders:
Tableau is again the market leader in terms of overall execution, but the gap relative to its closest competitors, Qlik and Microsoft, has decreased dramatically compared with last year. While this change can be partially attributed to improved execution by Qlik and Microsoft in 2015, it is largely a consequence of Tableau's own success. Tableau has grown rapidly and now finds itself in a completely different position to that of only a few years ago; deployments in organizations have grown exponentially, which places an increased burden on Tableau's support structure as it scales to meet a much larger customer base that is using its products against more complex use cases. This is a good problem to have (relative to the challenges faced by other vendors in the market), but customer success must remain a top priority if Tableau is to continue to lead this increasingly competitive market.
Qlik has dramatically improved and clarified its messaging to the market around Qlik Sense and QlikView, which positions Qlik Sense Enterprise as its strategic product — built upon Qlik's underlying platform and its QIX associative engine, which now also powers QlikView (beginning in Version 12). Qlik Sense 2.x has closed a significant number of gaps that were present when Qlik Sense 1.x was released. There are still gaps relative to Tableau in terms of ease of use and overall analytic workflow, but Qlik continues to deliver releases at a rapid cadence — which will continue to improve the overall offering. Qlik is positioned to the right of Tableau for Completeness of Vision, primarily based on its future vision for Qlik Market, data as a service strategy (through its acquisition of DataMarket), application platform approach (with the Qlik Analytics Platform), unique associative engine (QIX) and governed data discovery roadmap.
Microsoft is the overall vision leader in the Magic Quadrant, having the greatest Completeness of Vision — as demonstrated by the commitment and focus of its BI and analytics leadership team to Power BI. Power BI is at the center of Microsoft's Azure story, which includes Azure Machine Learning, Azure HDInsight, Stream Analytics, and others, which solidifies its status as an area of continued strategic investment and innovation. Cortana Analytics Suite is an umbrella for several of these offerings. Its market execution of Power BI 2.0 (released in July 2015) is greatly improved compared with its initial launch of Power BI, which failed to gain any traction in the market due to the confusing packaging, positioning and infrastructure prerequisites that few organizations could easily satisfy.

Challengers:
・Challengers are well-positioned to succeed in the market. However, they may be limited to specific use cases, technical environments or application domains. Their vision may be hampered by a lack of coordinated strategy across the various products in their platform portfolios, or they may lack the marketing efforts, sales channel, geographic presence, industry-specific content and awareness of the vendors in the Leaders quadrant.

Visionaries:
・Visionaries have a strong and unique vision for delivering a BI platform. They offer depth of functionality in the areas they address. However, they may have gaps relating to broader functionality requirements. Visionaries are thought-leaders and innovators, but they may be lacking in scale or there may be concerns about their ability to grow and still provide consistent execution.

Niche Players:
・Niche Players do well in a specific segment of the BI and analytics platform market — such as cloud BI, customer-facing analytics, agile reporting and dashboarding, embeddability or big data integration — or have a limited capability to innovate or outperform other vendors. They may focus on a specific domain or aspect of BI, but are likely to lack depth of functionality elsewhere. They may also have gaps relating to broader platform functionality, or have less-than-stellar customer feedback. Alternatively, Niche Players may have a reasonably broad BI platform, but limited implementation and support capabilities or relatively limited customer bases (such as in a specific geography or industry). In addition, they may not yet have achieved the necessary scale to solidify their market positions.

PI研のコメント:
・ガートナー社が2/4、2016年度の世界におけるBI(ビジネスインテリジェンス)評価の結果を公表しました。BIの評価手法は、構造評価、データ管理評価、分析評価、共有評価を14項目に分け、これをcompleteness of vision(ビジョンの完成度)、ability to execute(実効性)の2軸に分け、主要プレイヤーを位置づけるものです。そして、このマトリクスからLeadersを決め、さらに、その他をChallengers、Visionaries、Niche Playersの3つに分け、全部で4象限で評価するというものです。その結果ですが、Leadersは3社が選ばれました。Tableau、Qlik、そして、Microsoftです。Leadersには入りませんでしたが、SAS、SAP、Cognos(IBM)等の大手BIも評価の対象ですので、Leadersに入った3つのBIは2016年度、注目といえます。それにしても、BIの環境が大きく変わりつつあり、ガートナ―社も重視しているセルフサービス分析がBIの主流になりつつあるといえます。ひと昔前はIT部門のデータサイエンティストが活用する統計学を駆使した高価な分析がBIの主流でしたが、いまや様変わりといえます。また、データベースとBIとの分離も大きな特徴であり、特に、データベースはAWS(アマゾン)、BigQuery(グーグル)等を活用した組み合わせがポイントとなりつつあります。BI、今後、どう変化してゆくのか、特に、2016年度のLeaders、3社の動向に注目です。

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